'Bantu' is a
generic name covering many black tribes. Bantu migration into South
Africa began in the 3rd century AD with the occupation of the fertile
eastern and coastal stretches of the country, where they came into
contact with the Khoikhoi.
The Xhosa people
are a Bantu tribe that settled along the south coast a thousand
kilometers east of Cape Town. They encountered European and English
settlers along their western border, the Great Fish River, from
the seventeenth century onwards. Their ability to resist Afrikaners
encouraged the Great Trek away from the area.
of Xhosa to Cape Town began in the mid-eighteenth century and measures
were taken to control the Black population. Nevertheless migration
continued in the twentieth century and a township was created at
In the early
twentieth century black people became more politicised in the face
became systematic and ruthless under the apartheid system, against
which a long struggle ensued until liberation was achieved in the
new South Africa.
*Taken from Capetown Connected.